Common Mouth Sores: Causes and Cures

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Mouth sores can be very annoying and painful and can have many causes.

The causes can range from infections – bacterial, viral or fungal- to a loose orthodontic wire or a denture that doesn’t fit or a sharp edge from a broken tooth or filling.

Mouth sores, however, may ne a symptom of an underlying disease or problem.

So if you’ve had any mouth sores that last a week or longer, it’s a good idea to get to your dentist to get it checked out.

Here are some of the most common mouth sores:

Canker Sores: These are small ulcers with a white or gray base and a red border. They appear inside the mouth and are usually not contagious though they often do return. They can be painful and annoying particularly to spicy foods. Problems such as poor immune systems, viruses, sometimes trauma or fatigue and stress may cause them. They usually heal on their own, though there are some medicines that may help and in you are lucky enough to have a dentist with a laser that may help cure them.

Cold Sores: Cold sores are annoying and painful. They are also known as fever blisters or herpes simplex and are groups of fluid filled blisters. They often erupt around the lips and sometimes under the nose or around the chin. Cold sores caused by herpes virus type 1 and are very contagious and the virus stays in the body. Cold sore blisters usually heal in a week to ten days by themselves.

Candidiasis: This fungal infection (also called moniliasis or oral thrush) occurs when the yeast Candida Albicans reproduce in large numbers. It is common among denture wearers and people who have dry mouth syndrome are very susceptible to it. The focus is on preventing it or controlling the conditions that caused the outbreak.

Any time you have a mouth sore that lasts more than a few days should be checked out by your dental health care team